Cancer In The Population Near To A Rural-Urban Landfill In Tunja, Boyac·, Colombia
Bibiana Matilde BERNAL-GÓMEZ, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Colombia
1 Grupo de Investigación biomédica y de patología Escuela de Medicina Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia
INTRODUCTION Cancer is the third cause of adult mortality in Colombia and gastric cancer is the first local public health problem for cancer in Boyacá. Kidney cancer is astonishingly high in rural Pirgua population near to a waste urban place. Landfill leachate generated waste and It could be associated with the onset of cancer, maybe for the environmental risk to contaminate water, agriculture land and air. Our study aims to determine the relationship between the environment and digestive and renal cancer in a local place near to Tunja.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between chronic exposure to wastes and prevalence of total, digestive and renal cancer in population next to the Pirgua´s landfill.
1. Identify cancer prevalence in residents near the landfill.
2. Describe the atmosphere, water, sewage and hygiene of the population living near the waste and categorize their exposure level.
3. Analyze through surveys if there is any relationship between cancer and exposure to waste landfill.
METHODS: A description of the environment will take place with younger research group of medical students (GIBP); epidemiological information about the area, and for their variables such as morbidity and mortality of cancer, have been acquired by secondary data. The approach will be descriptive, analytical. We will apply a survey to a sample of the population in order to confirm the association between cancer and inhabit near landfill.
EXPECTED RESULTS: We expect the epidemiological identification of a population at increased risk for cancer incidence based on the assumption that the environment predetermine the onset of this disease.
KEYWORDS: cancer-leachate-pathological geography.